文章摘要
宁波市鄞州区农作物农药残留现状与控制对策
Present Situation and Control Countermeasures of Pesticide Residue on Crops in Yinzhou District of Ningbo City, China
投稿时间:2013-07-25  
DOI:10.13254/j.jare.2013.0092
中文关键词: 农作物  农药残留  现状  对策
英文关键词: crop  pesticide residues  situation  countermeasure
基金项目:宁波市鄞州区科学技术局项目(鄞科〔2011〕111号)
作者单位
徐佩娟 宁波市鄞州区农业科学研究所, 浙江 宁波 315100 
何铁海 宁波市鄞州区农业科学研究所, 浙江 宁波 315100 
张晓雷 宁波市鄞州区农业信息与农产品质量检测服务中心, 浙江 宁波 315100 
朱烈 宁波市鄞州区农业信息与农产品质量检测服务中心, 浙江 宁波 315100 
李旦阳 宁波市鄞州区农业信息与农产品质量检测服务中心, 浙江 宁波 315100 
许敏球 宁波市鄞州区农业信息与农产品质量检测服务中心, 浙江 宁波 315100 
陈奇雄 宁波市鄞州区古林镇农业农村办公室, 浙江 宁波 315100 
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中文摘要:
      对鄞州区种植的稻谷、叶菜类、水果类、豆类、茄果类和块茎类农产品按月进行了411个批次抽样,按照国家相关规定对22个农药项目进行了检测。检测结果发现样本农药项目检出率为0.3%,农产品农药残留合格率97.82%,农药残留检出项目中88.89%是杀虫剂。超出农药残留标准的样本主要是5—10月的青菜,叶菜类超标样本率达到3.72%。农药残留超标样本在平原、滨海地区种植散户中有发现,而在山区各规模农户中均有发现。小学文化程度农户样本农药残留超标率高达4.50%,是大学文化程度农户样本农药残留超标率的6.16倍。为了降低鄞州区农作物农药残留率,提出5方面的控制对策。
英文摘要:
      Tatal of 411 batches of rice, leaf vegetables, fruits, beans, solanums and tubers were sampled monthly, in accordance with related national regulations on 22 detected pesticides in the Yinzhou District, Ningbo City. The results showed that the pesticide detection rate was0.3%, the qualified rate of pesticide residues in agricultural products was 97.82%. Pesticide residues detection accounted for 88.89%. The samples beyond the pesticide residue standard were mainly vegetables from May to October. Leaf vegetables exceeding the standard sample rate reached 3.72%. Pesticide residue samples exceeding the standard were found in retail in plain and coastal areas, but were found in all scale farming in mountainous areas. The rate of exceeding the pesticide residues standard of farmers with primary school education level was4.50%, which was 6.16 times higher than that farmers with university education. In order to reduce the pesticide residual in Yinzhou District,we put forward control countermeasures in 5 aspects.
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