文章摘要
我国农业生态环境领域突出问题与未来科技创新的思考
Problems in the agricultural environment of China and innovation of future science and technology
投稿时间:2019-11-25  
DOI:10.13254/j.jare.2019.0577
中文关键词: 农业生态,环境污染,资源利用
英文关键词: agro-ecology, environmental pollution, resource utilization
基金项目:乡村生态振兴关键技术战略研究(2018-nykjzh-wn);中央级公益性科研院所基本科研业务费专项(C2112060302008047)
作者单位E-mail
王农 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所, 天津 300191
农业农村部产地环境污染综合防控重点实验室, 天津 300191 
 
刘宝存 北京市农林科学院, 北京 100097 13801016030@163.com 
孙约兵 农业农村部环境保护科研监测所, 天津 300191
农业农村部产地环境污染综合防控重点实验室, 天津 300191 
 
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中文摘要:
      农业生态环境对促进社会和经济可持续发展具有重要的现实意义。本文针对当前我国农业生态环境领域存在的局部污染形势严峻、生态资源利用率较低、环境污染纵深治理需求增大、生态环境功能开发严重滞后以及生态环境保护的科技支撑力不足等五个方面的问题进行分析,总结了农业面源和重金属污染综合防控与修复技术研发重点专项科技创新的重要进展,并梳理了未来科技创新发展需求,从污染防治、绿色生产、生态保育等方面,在科技创新领域重点方向提出相关建议,以期为我国近期农业生态环境领域科技创新工作提供参考。
英文摘要:
      The agricultural environment has an important role in the promotion of the development of society and economy. This report focused on the major challenges faced by the agro-ecological environment in China based on five aspects:severe pollution in the region, the low efficiency of the use of ecological resources, the increasing demand for in-depth control of environmental pollution, the lack of development of the eco-environmental function, and insufficient scientific support for eco-environmental protection. Important progress in science and technology of the program for research and development on comprehensive prevention and control techniques for agricultural non-point sources and heavy metal polluted farmland were summarized. We then analyzed the demand and response to future technological innovation. The suggestion of technological innovation was advanced based on pollution prevention and control, green production, ecological conservation and similar considerations. This report provides a reference for recent scientific and technological innovation activities in the agro-ecological environment in China.
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