文章摘要
中国美丽乡村建设的挑战与对策
Challenges and Countermeasures for Beautiful Countryside Construction in China
投稿时间:2015-04-01  
DOI:10.13254/j.jare.2015.0092
中文关键词: 美丽乡村  农村发展  城镇化  村镇格局  中国
英文关键词: beautiful countryside  rural development  urbanization  town-village pattern  China
基金项目:“十二五”国家科技支撑计划项目(2014BAL01B01);中国工程院重大咨询项目(2014-05-ZD-001)
作者单位
刘彦随 北京师范大学土地资源与城乡发展研究中心, 北京 100875
中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101 
周扬 中国科学院地理科学与资源研究所, 北京 100101 
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中文摘要:
      党的“十八大”提出建设美丽中国的宏伟目标,而美丽中国建设的重点和难点在乡村,美丽乡村建设是美丽中国不可或缺的重要组成部分.在快速城镇化、工业化和乡村转型发展背景下,美丽乡村建设对空心村整治、农村人居环境改善、乡村空间重构、缩小城乡差距和城乡一体化发展具有重要现实意义.当前我国美丽乡村建设在人口、就业、土地、生态环境等方面面临诸多挑战.本文在深入剖析我国美丽乡村建设面临现实困境及挑战的基础上,提出破解美丽乡村建设难题的对策与出路,以期为探究失衡人地关系走向再平衡的地域模式提供理论依据,为新时期我国美丽乡村建设提供科学决策支持.
英文摘要:
      The 18th National Congress of Communist Party of China proposed the goal of building a beautiful China. The key points and difficulties of beautiful China construction lie in countryside. Beautiful countryside construction is an important integral part of the beauty of China. Under the background of rapid urbanization, industrialization and rural transformative development, beautiful countryside construction has a vital practical significance for renovating hollowed villages, improving rural living environment, reconstructing rural space and narrowing rural-urban income gap as well as promoting rural-urban integrated development. However, the construction of China's beautiful countryside is facing many challenges, i.e., population emigration, employment, land use, resource consumption and environmental governance. In this study, the strategies and outlets to solve the beautiful countryside construction problems were put forward based on the objective analysis of challenges and plights faced by beautiful countryside construction. It would provide a theoretical basis for exploring the geographical patterns of rebalancing the man-land relationship from uncoordinated mode. These findings would also provide a scientific decision support for constructing beautiful countryside construction in new period.
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