文章摘要
氟啶虫胺腈在棉花和土壤中的检测方法与残留动态研究
Residue Determination and Degradation of Sulfoxaflor in Cotton and Soil
投稿时间:2014-03-24  
DOI:10.13254/j.jare.2014.0064
中文关键词: 氟啶虫胺腈  检测  棉花  土壤  残留  消解动态
英文关键词: sulfoxaflor  determination  cotton  soil  residue  degradation
基金项目:农业部农药残留试验项目
作者单位E-mail
秦旭 农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191  
徐应明 农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191 ymxu1999@126.com 
孙扬 农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191  
赵立杰 农业部环境保护科研监测所 农业部产地环境质量重点实验室/天津市农业环境与农产品安全重点实验室 天津 300191  
刘烨潼 天津市农业质量标准与检测技术研究所 天津 300381  
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中文摘要:
      研究和建立了氟啶虫胺腈在土壤、棉籽和棉叶中的高效液相色谱检测方法,并在天津和杭州两地开展了氟啶虫胺腈在棉花中的田间残留试验研究。样品采用乙腈提取,正己烷萃取,氟罗里硅土柱层析净化,正己烷/丙酮(体积比6∶4)混合液洗脱,减压浓缩至干,甲醇定容,高效液相色谱配可变波长紫外检测器进行检测。当分别在空白土壤、棉籽和棉叶样品中添加浓度为0.05~2.5mg·kg-1的氟啶虫胺腈标准品时,其平均添加回收率在76.81%~94.43%之间,相对标准偏差(RSD)在0.54%~7.20%之间;氟啶虫胺腈的最小检出量为1 ng,在所有样品中的最低检出浓度均为0.05mg·kg-1。田间残留试验结果表明,氟啶虫胺腈在土壤和棉叶中的消解规律符合一级动力学模型Ct=C0e-kt,消解半衰期分别为1.36~5.10 d和6.13~9.37d。最终残留试验结果表明,在棉花田手动喷雾施用50%氟啶虫胺腈水分散粒剂,按推荐剂量和1.5倍推荐剂量施药,兑水喷雾处理2~3次,每次施药间隔7 d,在距最后1次施药7、14 d和21d时,氟啶虫胺腈在棉籽和土壤中的残留量均小于方法最低检出浓度0.05mg·kg-1
英文摘要:
      An analytical method with high performance liquid chromatography(HPLC)was established for determining sulfoxaflor residue in soil, cotton seeds and cotton leaves. The field residue decline study and final residue trials of sulfoxaflor in cotton in Tianjin City and Hangzhou City, were designed. The samples were extracted with acetonitrile, partitioned by n-hexane, purified using Florisil column, and de-termined by HPLC equipped with a variable wavelength detector(VWD). The results showed that when the spiked levels were 0.05 mg·kg-1 to 2.5 mg·kg-1, the average recovery of sulfoxaflor ranged from 76.81%to 94.43%with relative standard deviation (RSD)of 0.54%to 7.20%;the limit of detection(LOD)of sulfoxaflor was 1 ng, and the limit of quantification(LOQ)was 0.05 mg·kg-1 in soil, cotton seeds and cotton leaves. The degradation of sulfoxaflor in soil and cotton leaves could be described with an equation:Ct=C0e-kt. The half-life of sulfoxaflor were 1.36~5.10 d and 6.13~9.37 d in soil and cotton leaves, respectively. The wheat was sprayed with 50%water dispersible granule(WDG)at dosage 0.6~0.9 g·30 m-2(2~3 times)at full-bloom stage, the interval period was 7 d, the final residues of sulfoxaflor were lower than LOQ in soil and cotton seeds.
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