文章摘要
高盐废水人工湿地处理中耐盐植物的筛选
Screening of the Salt Tolerant Plants for High Salinity Wastewater Treatment by the Artificial Wetland
投稿时间:2013-09-05  
DOI:10.13254/j.jare.2013.0137
中文关键词: 高盐废水  耐盐植物  人工湿地
英文关键词: high salinity wastewater  salt-tolerant plants  artificial wetland
基金项目:
作者单位
尚克春 天津科技大学海洋科学与工程学院, 天津 300457
天津市滨海新区塘沽环境保护监测站, 天津 300450 
刘宪斌 天津科技大学海洋科学与工程学院, 天津 300457 
陈晓英 天津市滨海新区塘沽环保产业服务中心, 天津 300450 
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中文摘要:
      天津塘沽作为滨海新区核心区,是目前天津发展最快的地区之一。由于本区盐碱土壤等自然条件,污水中盐分含量较高,制约了废水的回用。本文通过模拟人工湿地实验,比较了芦苇(Phragmites australis)、盐地碱篷(Suaeda salsa)、碱蒿(Artemisia anethifolia)、黄花鸢尾(Iris wilsonii)、盐角草(Salicornia europaea)和大米草(Spartina anglica)等耐盐植物对轻污染水体中高浓度氯离子的去除能力,筛选出去除能力较强的植物,并确定植物对盐分去除率达到最大时的生态系统条件。结果表明,适合人工湿地的耐盐碱植物对氯离子的去除效果依次为:芦苇>盐地碱篷>碱蒿>黄花鸢尾>盐角草>大米草,停留时间一般在第4 d时可达到平衡。该研究为利用人工湿地处理高盐废水提供了科学依据。
英文摘要:
      Tanggu, as the core area in Binhai New Area, is currently one of the fastest developing areas in Tianjin City. Because of the saline alkali soil and other natural conditions, wastewater reuse is restricted by high salinity. The removal of high concentration chloride by Phragmites australis, Suaeda salsa, Artemisia anethifolia Weber, Iris wilsonii, Salicornia europaea, and Spartina anglica in light polluted water was compared by the simulation experiment of artificial wetland. The plants with stronger removal ability were selected and the ecosystem condition with maximum removal rate was determined. The results showed that the removal effect of chloride by salt-tolerant plants in artificial wetland was: Phragmites australis>Suaeda salsa>Artemisia anethifolia>Iris wilsonii>Salicornia europaea>Spartina anglica. The removal efficiency reached balance after four days. This study provided a scientific basis for the high salinity wastewater treatment by artificial wetland.
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